Other Directions/Explanations




Last Change: 3 May 2020



Affiliated Families



Some Helpful Search Links



1.   Standard abbreviations used throughout this site:


      b. = born

      d. = died

      m. = married

      (NMI) = no middle initial

(sp) = spelling uncertain

abt = about


2.   Alternate spellings, dates, etc. are separated by /’s.  The order of alternative spellings, dates, etc. does not necessarily reflect a preference between alternates.


3.   Superseded names are shown in parentheses.  This is most often seen with female spouses, though adoptions also create superseded names.


4.   The generational numbering system used has no significance other than to help differentiate between generations.  Generational numbering for the families that are currently the primary focus of this genealogy starts with the earliest known ancestor and increases with each new generation, right up to the birth of the most recent descendants of that earliest known ancestor.  By contrast, those who marry into one of the main families of this genealogy become the subject of an annex of their surname, and they are assigned generation 1 in that line, with their ancestors being assigned higher generation numbers from that point, as far back in time as history exists for that family.  Spouses of people recorded in one of these annexes may likewise be the subject of their own annex, given availability of sufficient information to warrant it, but the generation assigned to that spouse is the same as the generation in which the person they married is recorded.  For instance, the spouse of the grandson of generation 3 of an annex would be assigned generation 3 of her own annex (if we had sufficient information on her ancestors to warrant creation of an annex).


5.   We feel displaying (appropriate) photos on our web pages significantly improves those pages.  We try not to display photos of living people without their permission, unless it is incidental to the display of someone who is no longer alive or who has provided permission.  Bottom line: if you see yourself in a photo and do not want it displayed, please notify us at efamilyhistory1@gmail.com and that photo will be removed as soon as possible and without question.


We use the following mock images as place holders for photos.


Photo Substitute

Photo Substitute double with frame

Photo Substitute triple with frame


It might mean: (1) we do not have photos, but hope to someday; or (2) have photos, but have not yet prepared them for display, or (3) have photos, but do not have permission to display them.  Links to “photos” and “more info” may be active, even if there’s nothing on display yet; there are still many photos and documents to prepare and put on display.


6.   Rules used for naming digital files:


a. When possible all digital file names start with a person's full name, in this order: last name, first name, middle name (separated by commas).  Only one spelling for each person's name; no nicknames if a formal name is known.   If the photo does not include a person, and the object of the photo cannot be associated with a person, then the name of the object of the photo is used, excluding any associated prefixes, like "the."  If the image is of a document, the person's name is preceded by a # sign and one space.  After the name, include the date (if available), starting with the year (4 digits), followed by the day (1 - 31) and month (using these 3 letter abbreviations: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec, with no periods after abbreviations).  After the date summarize other people in the photo, as necessary for differentiation (full/formal names not required).  Lastly, in parentheses, include the number of the source of the digital file (see 7, below).


b. When a photo contains more than one person, the file name starts with the senior relative's name (from a generational perspective; not necessarily age).  That person's name should appear in the text of some page in this web domain.


(1. If the senior person in a photo is shared by a husband and wife, use the husband's name.

(2. If the senior person in a photo is shared by siblings, use their father's name, followed by "children."  For instance, "Smith, John Edward children 1926, 14 Jan…."

(3. If the photo is a family portrait, use the senior person's name followed by "family" and date (even if the photo does not contain both spouses or all children).  For instance, "Smith, John Edward family 1926, 14 Jan…."


c. Exception: wedding photos containing the bride and groom start with the groom's name, even if their parents/grandparents are also in the photo.  For instance: "Smith, John Edward 1926, 14 Jan & Emma Jane (Collins) wedding party….".  If the groom is not in a wedding photo, but the bride is, start with the bride's name.  For instance, Smith, Emma Jane (Collins) 1926, 14 Jan wedding party….".


7.   The source of a photo, clipping, or document is (or will be) recorded in a number in parentheses near the end of the photo’s file name.  Go to the Directory of Sources to determine what number(s) is associated with a source.  When a photo, clipping, or document has been labeled or otherwise modified in anyway, the following figure is affixed to it:




6.   If a link does not function properly, again, please let us know at efamilyhistory1@gmail.com.  This web domain is an active, working draft in which changes frequently occur, and changes can inadvertently disrupt links.



WARNING: This page is a working draft of the results of ongoing research; all information on or linked to this page is subject to change.  Do not assume the information displayed here is accurate.  No warranties, expressed or implied, are provided for its use or interpretation.  Please help us identify inaccurate, incomplete, or inappropriate information and malfunctioning links by clicking here or e-mailing us at efamilyhistory1@gmail.com.