Other Directions/Explanations




Last Change: 7 July 2022



Affiliated Families



Some Helpful Search Links



1.   Standard abbreviations used throughout this web domain:


      b. = born

      d. = died

      m. = married

      (NMI) = no middle initial

(sp) = spelling uncertain

abt = about


2.   Alternate spellings, dates, etc. are separated by /’s.  The order of alternative spellings, dates, etc. does not necessarily reflect a preference between alternates.


3.   Superseded names are shown in parentheses.  This is most often seen with female spouses, though adoptions also create superseded names.


4.   The generational numbering system used has no significance other than to help differentiate between generations.  Generational numbering for the families that are currently the primary focus of this genealogy starts with the earliest known ancestor and increases with each new generation, right up to the birth of the most recent descendants of that earliest known ancestor.  By contrast, those who marry into one of the main families of this genealogy become the subject of an annex of their surname, and they are assigned generation 1 in that line, with their ancestors being assigned higher generation numbers from that point, as far back in time as history exists for that family.  Spouses of people recorded in one of these annexes may likewise be the subject of their own annex, given availability of sufficient information to warrant it, but the generation assigned to that spouse is the same as the generation in which the person they married is recorded.  For instance, the spouse of the grandson of generation 3 of an annex would be assigned generation 3 of her own annex (if we had sufficient information on her ancestors to warrant creation of an annex).


5.   We feel displaying (appropriate) photos on our web pages significantly improves those pages.  We try not to display photos of living people without their permission, unless it is incidental to the display of someone who is no longer alive or someone who has provided permission.  Bottom line: if you see yourself in a photo and do not want it displayed, please notify us at efamilyhistory1@gmail.com and that photo will be removed/modified as soon as possible and without question.


We use the following mock images as place holders for photos.


Photo Substitute

Photo Substitute double with frame

Photo Substitute triple with frame


It might mean: (1) we do not have photos, but hope to someday; or (2) have photos, but have not yet prepared them for display, or (3) have photos, but do not have permission to display them.  Links to “photos” and “more info” may be active, even if there’s nothing on display yet; there are still many photos and documents to prepare and put on display.


6.   Rules used for naming digital files:


a. When possible all digital file names start with the person's surname best associated with that file, followed by first and middle names, separated by commas.  Only one spelling for each person's name, so all files for a person are grouped together; no nicknames if a formal/given name is known.   If the photo does not include a person, and the object of the photo cannot be associated with a person, then the name of the object of the photo is used, excluding any associated prefixes, like "the."  If the image is of a document, the surname of the person associated with the document is preceded by a # sign and one space.  After the name, include the date (if available), starting with the year (4 digits), followed by the day (1 - 31) and month (using these 3 letter abbreviations: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec, with no periods after abbreviations).  After the date summarize other people in the photo, as necessary for differentiation (full/formal names not required because it would make the file name too long).  Lastly, in parentheses, include the number of the source of the digital file (see 7, below).


b. When a photo contains more than one person, the file name starts with the senior person's surname.  That person's name should appear in the text of at least one page in this web domain.


(1. If a married couple, the file name starts with the male's surname, followed by his first and middle names, followed by the date, and then the female's first and middle names, followed by her maiden surname in parentheses.  For instance, "Smith, John Edward 1926, 14 Jan & Margaret Ann (Jones) wedding party (1)".

(2. If the senior people are siblings, start with use their father's name, followed by "children" and the date, if available.  For instance, "Smith, John Edward children 1926, 14 Jan (John, Jim, Ann) (1)".

(3. If the photo contains both parents and some or all of their children, the file name starts with the father's name, followed by "family" and date.  For instance, "Smith, John Edward family 1926, 14 Jan…."  If the photo contains one parent and his/her children, the file name starts with that parent's surname, followed first and middle names, followed by date, followed by "with" and a list of children, left to right.  For instance, "Smith, Margaret Ann (Jones) 1926, 14 Jan with John, Jim, Ann (1)".


c. Exception #1: wedding photos containing the bride and groom start with the groom's surname, followed by first and middle names, even if their parents/grandparents are also in the photo.  For instance: "Smith, John Edward 1926, 14 Jan & Margaret Ann (Jones) wedding party….".  If the groom is not in a wedding photo, but the bride is, start with the bride's married surname, followed by first and middle names, followed by maiden surname in parentheses, followed by date and subject.  For instance, "Smith, Margaret Ann (Jones) 1926, 14 Jan wedding party….".


d. Exception #2: if a photo includes, among others, a person whose image is rare (few, if any, other photos available), the normal naming procedures may be altered to name the digital file after that person, so it's easier to locate a photo of that person.


7.   The source of a photo, clipping, or document is (or will be) recorded in a number in parentheses near the end of the photo’s file name.  Go to the Directory of Sources to determine what number(s) is associated with a source.   Note: updates to the Directory are infrequent.



8.  When a photo, clipping, or document has been labeled or otherwise modified, the following figure is affixed to it:




9.   If a link does not function properly, again, please let us know at efamilyhistory1@gmail.com.  This web domain is an active, working draft in which changes frequently occur, and these changes can inadvertently disrupt links.



WARNING: This page is a working draft of the results of ongoing research; all information on or linked to this page is subject to change.  Do not assume the information displayed here is accurate.  No warranties, expressed or implied, are provided for its use or interpretation.  Please help us identify inaccurate, incomplete, or inappropriate information and malfunctioning links by clicking here or e-mailing us at efamilyhistory1@gmail.com.